It is therefore necessary for six other countries to ratify the agreement. Tang stated that the articles of the revised Fisheries Act pave the way for the implementation of the measures taken by the port state and introduce a procedure for controlling foreign vessels in unprotected ports. For him, the most important is the communication systems between maritime, customs and fisheries authorities, so that the fishing authorities know in real time when potential INN vessels arrive or leave and can be present at the controls. With nearly 3,000 ships, China`s overseas fleet is the largest in the world. “It is therefore important to have China as a flag state when it comes to exchanging information and inspecting Chinese ships in other ports subject to the port state measures agreement,” Borg Costanzi said. Insulting foreign ships are banned from Chinese ports and seized in serious cases. Although this is the first time such measures have been formalized in legislation, similar measures have already been taken. In 2016, China arrested a foreign ship after it failed to establish the legality of Patagonian toothpaste fish on board. CCAMLR confirmed that the fish had been caught illegally and requested the sale of the catches. In 2018, the proceeds were donated to CCAMLR.
Without safe ports, the economic incentive to plunder the seas would begin to evaporate. This is the idea behind the Port State Measures Agreement (PSMA), which came into force in June 2016 and requires participating nations to limit the entry of foreign fishing vessels into designated ports. The United Nations has a simple solution to illegal fishing, which decimates marine life and leads to the extinction of certain species: closing the world`s ports to ships operating on the $23 billion black market. China uses the world`s largest fishing fleet and catches the largest number of fish. According to a study that studies the risk of illegal catches of fish that pass through the largest ports, it also operates 14 of the 15 busiest ports. Given that China`s long-distance fishing fleet has increased significantly over the past 20 years, the challenge of monitoring its activities has also increased. Although the majority of long-haul vessels are not in violation of the law, the remoteness of their operations allows the survival of INT (illegal, unreported, unregulated fishing), which deprives coastal countries of resources and hinders efforts to make the fishing industry sustainable. Brett notes that some of the regional fisheries management organizations have already put in place electronic information systems that could serve as a model for the PSMA. The Indian Ocean Tuna Commission, for example, operates a technology platform that allows its 32 Member States to exchange data in real time. Many pi countries believe that the signing will place them with a disproportionate burden of compliance measures, while the “rich” Remote Water Fishing Nations (DWFN), such as China and Taiwan, would continue to operate as usual. The flag state must then notify FAO, the relevant port states and regional fisheries management organizations of the results of this survey and the actions it has taken.
The position of the Pacific Island States is prudent, as the signing would include strict requirements for the already limited capabilities of many of our countries. Four of the world`s top 100 fishing ports are located in the Pacific Islands. Progress: 23 parties have signed the agreement to date: Angola, Australia, Benin, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, European Union, France, Gabon, Ghana, Iceland, Indonesia, Kenya, Mozambique, New Zealand, Norway, Peru, Russian Federation, Samoa, Sierra Leone, Turkey, United States, Uruguay.